Pakistan gets THREE new islands following earthquake

The Times of India


Pakistan gets three new islands following earthquake

IANS Sep 26, 2013, 10.32PM IST

NEW DELHI: Pakistan has just got three brand new islands — thanks to a major earthquake. When the shock of the temblor subsided on Tuesday, people living in the coastal town of Gwadar were stunned to see a new island in the sea.

That’s not all. Two other islands have come up along the Balochistan coast.



The island near Gwadar is about 600 feet in diameter and has a height of about 30 feet,” Muhammad Moazzam Khan, technical advisor at WWF — Pakistan, told IANS over telephone.

He said “gas was coming out” of the island, which primarily consists of “stones and soft mud”.

The two islands near Ormara town are small.

Khan said the islands had a diameter of about “30-40 feet and a height of about 2-3 feet”. “Gas is also coming out,” he said.

He said that while some islands which form suddenly “stay on”, others gradually fade away. He explained that the islands were formed following the massive earthquake that rocked Balochistan province Tuesday.

The death toll in the 7.7-magnitude earthquake has reached 348, and a total of 20,000 houses were destroyed. This is not the first time islands have formed off the Pakistan coast.

“In 1945, two big islands had formed near the coast. One was two kilometers long while the other was half kilometre long,” said Khan.


Strong After Shock in Pakistan = New Island

EMSC earthquake notification
For updates, please consult:

A magnitude 7.2 earthquake
has occurred PAKISTAN at:
27.08N  65.58E Depth 30km 24/09/2013 at 11:29:50
(Universal Time)

Pictures from eyewitness:

Very Strong 7.7 Earthquake in Pakistan — after shocks started

M 7.7 – PAKISTAN – 2013-09-24 11:29:49 UTC

Magnitude Mw 7.7
Date time 2013-09-24   11:29:49.0 UTC
Location 27.07 N ; 65.56 E
Depth 20 km
Distances 798 km NE of Muscat, Oman / pop: 797,000 / local time: 15:29:49.0 2013-09-24 284 km NW of Karachi, Pakistan / pop: 11,624,219 / local time: 16:29:49.0 2013-09-24 168 km S of Khārān, Pakistan / pop: 30,841 / local time: 16:29:49.0 2013-09-24 119 km NW of Bela, Pakistan / pop: 20,119 / local time: 16:29:49.0 2013-09-24
Global view

Source parameters reviewed by a seismologist

Interactive map view:    javascript:show_map(1,true); LightMe(’emscgmaps’,true);

ALREADY ARE AFTER SHOCKS many not listed here:

For updates, please consult:
A magnitude 5.9 earthquake has occurred PAKISTAN at:
27.29N  65.66E Depth
24km 24/09/2013 at 11:36:35 (Universal Time)

Inbreeding Not Such a Good Idea

April 16, 2009

Royals Prove Inbreeding Is a Bad Idea

Those jokes about inbred royals might have some basis in fact, according to a  new study in the journal PLOS One .

The Hapsburg dynasty ruled Spain from 1516 to 1700, reigning over the height of the  Spanish empire. The dynasty ended when the last king, Charles II, who suffered  physical and mental disabilities, died without issue despite two marriages.  Inbreeding had been thought to play a role in the family’s extinction.

A young Charles II, c. 1673, via Wikimedia Commons

A young Charles II, c. 1673, via Wikimedia  Commons

A group of biologists from Spain developed an extended pedigree of more than  3,000 individuals over 16 generations so that they could calculate the  “inbreeding coefficient” of the Spanish Hapsburg kings. The inbreeding  coefficient is a measure of relatedness between two individuals. Here’s an example:

Take a first-cousin mating. First cousins share a set of grandparents. For  any particular gene in the male, the chance that his female first cousin  inherited the same gene from the same source is 1/8. Further, for any gene the  man passes to his child, the chance is 1/8 that the woman has the same gene and  ½ that she transmits that gene to the child so 1/8 X ½ = 1/16. Thus, a  first-cousin marriage has a coefficient of inbreeding F =1/16  [0.0625].

The six kings of Spain married a total of 11 times. Nine of the marriages  were “consanguineous unions in a degree of third cousins or closer.” There were  even two uncle-niece unions (eww). Over time, the biologists calculated, the  inbreeding coefficient rose from 0.025 for Philip I, the founder of the dynasty,  to 0.254 for Charles II. His inbreeding coefficient–0.254–is as high as that  expected from a parent-child or a brother-sister relationship (double eww).

In addition to the high inbreeding coefficients, the biologists cited two  other lines of evidence that inbreeding was the cause of the Spanish Hapsburgs’  demise: First, the family experienced a high rate of infant mortality, with half  of the children failing to reach age one (compared with 80 percent survival at  that time in Spanish villages). Second, many of Charles II’s disabilities and  illnesses–short stature, weakness, intestinal problems, sporadic hematuria,  impotence/infertility–could be explained by two genetic disorders, combined  pituitary hormone deficiency and distal renal tubular acidosis. The probability  that an individual would inherit two recessive traits would be extremely low,  but inbreeding made that much more likely.

This wouldn’t seem to have much relevance here in the present, except as an  interesting side story in the history books. However, the authors note that  consanguineous marriages account for 20 to 50 percent of all unions in certain  populations in Asia and Africa and reach as high as 77.1 percent among army  families in Pakistan. In those families, more than 60 percent of marriages are  between first cousins.

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