Farmers in South Georgia, clearing fields by burning, puts smoke and color in the sunset clouds, viewed from Florida.
Oops … Sorry About The Flash
WINDBREAK ALONGSIDE CR108 IN NORTH EAST FLORIDA, EARLY DECEMBER
Full Moon March 15-16, 2014
Norwegian-American farmer Olaf Torvik and his rural Minnesota community
must struggle to overcome years of anti-German propaganda and prejudice
when he discovers that his mail-order bride, Inge, is not only a German but
also an accidental Socialist.
Ethiopians ‘driven out in land grabs’ by Staff Writers Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (UPI) Feb 8, 2013
disclaimer: image is for illustration purposes only
Thousands of Ethiopians are being driven off ancestral lands that the government’s selling to foreign investors buying vast swathes of farmland, a U.S. watchdog reports.
Amid a new rash of land grabs in Africa by foreign governments or business groups seeking to produce food for export, the Oakland Institute of California says that Ethiopia, one of the world’s poorest states, has leased 1.5 million acres of prime farmland to companies from India, Malaysia and elsewhere.
The institute, an independent policy think tank that specializes in food and land issues, says the crisis is likely to worsen as the foreign companies move in and start operations.
It said the Addis Ababa government plans to lease as much as 15 percent of the land in some regions of the land-locked East African country, which has long been beset by drought, famine and war.
The institute says that in the Lower Omo Valley, where the government has earmarked 1.1 million acres for plantations to grow palm oils, cereals and other crops, human rights abuses are rampant among the 200,000 pastoralist farmers with tribal leaders imprisoned and dozens of people killed.
Mass relocations are being carried out because the government’s building the $2 billion Gibe hydroelectric dam on the Omo River to irrigate the plantations, part of major irrigation plan to boost agriculture.
Ethiopia also plans to invest $12 billion in hydropower projects on the Blue Nile, which rises in the Ethiopian highlands, and its tributaries to boost electricity generation to 40,000 megawatts by 2035.
Some 2,000 troops reportedly have been deployed in the Omo region to clear out the villagers.
Addis Ababa denies human rights abuses and says the plantations will create 150,000 jobs but Oakland Institute researchers said they found little evidence to substantiate that.
British relief organization Oxfam reported last week that foreign investors were “deliberately targeting the weakest-governed countries to buy cheap land” across Africa.
“Poor governance allows investors to secure land quickly and cheaply for profit,” said Barbara Stocking, Oxfam’s chief executive.
“Investors seem to be cherry-picking countries with weak rules and regulations because they’re easy targets.
“This can spell disaster for communities if these deals result in their homes and livelihoods being grabbed,” she declared.
Oakland observed that the Ethiopian government has extended generous tax breaks and other incentives to the investing companies, as well as some of the cheapest land on the planet.
Oakland says the Ethiopian “land rush” is part of a global phenomenon in which sales in Africa, Latin America and Asia have been led by farm conglomerates back by Western hedge and pension funds, speculators and even universities.
Many Middle Eastern governments, burdened by water problems and little arable land, have supported the sales with loans and guarantees to ensure future food supplies for burgeoning populations.
The head of the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization warned in 2012 that the “land grabs” of vast tracts of African farmland by foreign governments and investors is like the “Wild West” and threatens the continent’s food security.
Graziano da Silva said the FAO is powerless to stop the stampede that began several years ago, and declared that a “sheriff” is needed to restore order before the phenomenon gets out of control.
At a time when food shortages are becoming more common as the world’s population keeps swelling, da Silva told Britain’s Guardian newspaper: “I don’t see that it’s possible to stop it.
“They’re private investors. We don’t have the tools and the instruments to stop big companies buying land. Land acquisitions are a reality.
“We can’t wish them away but we have to find a proper way of limiting them. It appears to be like the ‘Wild West,’ and we need a sheriff and law in place.”
The land grabs were triggered by the 2007-08 world food price crisis, with countries like oil-rich Saudi Arabia and South Korea buying or leasing vast tracts of land in Africa, Asia and Latin America to grow food for their own populations.
Oxfam says much of the land taken over is being used by speculators, including U.S. banks, hedge funds and other high-profile institutions, to grow biofuels to sell for hefty profits rather than produce food.
The Odyssey: After Austerity Greeks are Returning to the Land to Survive
At the end of another year of painful austerity and mouting debts, Greece’s battered economy is seeing over 1,000 workers lose their jobs every day.
On the surface, many cities still looks prosperous, but the nation’s deep crisis is clearly reflected in the windows of hundreds of empty shops.
More than one million Greeks are unemployed, which is one-quarter of the workforce, and the country is facing a youth unemployment rate of 58 percent.
But while many are struggling to survive in this harsh financial climate, others are returning to the land from the towns and cities that onced promised so much.
Up until a month ago, Kostas Bozas was a city banker. Now he is unemployed and has moved to his father’s house in a village outside Thessaloniki, going back to his roots in search of a future.
“I come a from a steady job, and now at the age of 50 it’s the right opportunity to become a farmer … my father will teach me the things he knows from his father.”
Thousands have taken the road back to farming in recent years – while the rest of the economy is in free fall, the farming sector is actually adding jobs.
“The work is labour work, it was very difficult for me. I’m a girl, I was raised in Athens, I was having everything done for me. And now I have to dig. I feel like Scarlett O’Hara – the land is my strength, I think that when you have the land you can feed yourself, you can produce anything, you can be happy …. We can’t expect anything from the government, they have proven so many years that they are useless, so we have to do it ourselves,” says Alexandra Tricha, a former scientist. When she left the city to start a company growing gourmet snails everybody thought she was crazy, but now business is booming.
Not everyone fleeing the cities is doing it willingly. Some are making a strategic retreat, taking refuge in family villages just to get by – hoping that one day they will return to urban careers.
Christos Kozakis always thought he would return to his mother’s house one day, but when his business selling luxury cars in Athens collapsed, he and his wife felt they had no choice but to move back.
“You feel connected, you feel that you have roots here, that’s one of the good things …. The only thing that makes me bitter is that somebody else decided that for me, I was forced to come here earlier …. Don’t get me wrong, work is not a problem, I would wash cars, I don’t care, just let me do it, just let me make a living to support my wife and my kid. It’s breaking my heart …. This is my country, we are not thieves, we are not people who don’t pay their taxes, and we are not lazy.”
The steady shift to the farms and villages appears to be an unstoppable force fuelled by desperation in the cities, inspired by hope for a better, less anxious life. Some will flourish, others may fail. But all have taken a bold decision not to wait for the government or anyone else – their futures are now in their own hands.
So, as Greeks are trying to turn their loss into a new way of life, is economic salvation to be found in Greece’s rich and fertile soil?